Transnational Commercial

A Focused Team with a Wide Understanding of Business
Hughes Krupica’s small and focused team will act quickly and with diligence to assist you with your commercial transnational needs from transactions to disputes.

We can assist trading entities with the legal aspects of new supply chain routes into and out of Thailand, parties seeking distributors, investors seeking to benefit from Board of Investment incentives and promotions for promoted activities and parties facing the import/export system challenges.

Correct Application of Bilateral and Multilateral Investment Treaties for Investors

We can assist with an efficient, clear and concise legal overview of the application of Thailand’s Free Trade Agreements of which, depending on the planned supply and transport route, more than one may apply. If a business structure is being formulated to accommodate an export route, we can assist with potential Board of Investment incentive applications. If there will be contractual arrangements, we can assist with the contractual provisions and any risk mitigation strategies necessary to deal with changes to or non-applicability of trade agreements.

Import and Export – Regulatory, Licensing and Clearance Processes

Speed, Efficiency and certainty are crucial factors in establishing profitable trade routes and systems. Further, traders and intermediaries planning trade strategies will need clear indications of timing and price which may be affected by regulatory approvals, licensing, inspections and clearances. We can assist with the planning and implementation of these processes, and importantly distinguish between the role that legal advisors can play with the cost-effective use of shipping and clearance agents. In relation to highly regulated items, compliance awareness is heightened, and additional legal process planning may be required.

Sale and Purchase of Goods Agreements

Traders will have their own systems and styles but should consider regularly updating and adjusting terms to reflect changes in process, technology, risk allocation and to address any global issues, such as COVID19 and force majeure provisions. The INCOTERMS2020 do not address force majeure issues, so the parties must insert their own provisions, and can elect to adapt the ICC’s Force Majeure and hardship provisions adapted to their agreement. We will assist with the regularizing and modernising of your agreements with a view to maintaining simplicity and clarity.

Trade Disputes

This aspect of our transnational commercial practice is clearly linked with our Arbitration and Litigation practices. In relation to trade disputes specifically, we will of course adapt our practices to reflect the applicable law, the commercial objective of the party we represent and focus on settlement or pursuing a claim to the agreed stage of the relevant dispute resolution process. For certain disputes, it may be appropriate to involve state departments to find an amicable and efficient resolution to an issue and we will draw upon all relevant resources to assist.

Transnational Commercial Resources



Frequently asked questions relating to legal matters in our office jurisdictions.


Our Case Studies set out example scenarios, amended from real transactions, disputes and legal problem engagements relating to the relevant practice area.


Our Mini-Guides are a brief guide to topics that clients often find of interest relating to legal matters in our office jurisdictions.


Our articles may assist provide an insight into our practical approach to problem solving and also how we will handle your matter.

Why Hughes Krupica?

We will ensure our deliverables are provided in an efficient and timely manner, so that your commercial timelines are prioritized. If we are amending agreements, we will take clear instructions and ask pertinent questions, and get on with our work whilst you carry out yours.


We keep up to date with trade practices and treaties affecting supply chains into and out of Thailand. If you are conducting a pricing or planning review, then we can provide critical information on interpretation and practical application of rules which may affect costs and resources.


We will not amend contracts for the sake of amendment. Instead, we will make the adjustments necessary to localize, internationalize, and regularize your agreements to express responsibility, liability, risk and dispute resolution provisions with a high degree of certainty based on trade principles, rules and applicable law.


We can assist with dispute resolution prior to an issue escalating to a formal level or ex post. We are developing this practice over time and will offer competitive rates for assisting.

Transnational Commercial Specialists

I strive to complement my Clients’ business skills and strengths by providing a different lens on potential risks, costs and outcomes. A strategy can be optimized by collaboration.

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Desmond Hughes
Co-Founder and Senior Partner

I have combined my legal training and experience with a broader set of skills including biochemistry to enable wider scientific thinking to be a key strength of my advice. My European, American and Asian professional and life experiences enable me to use a comparative approach to assist clients navigate international and domestic legal systems

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Robert Krupica
Co-Founder and Senior Partner

I understand the interplay between client objectives and the framework of the Thai legal, regulatory and cultural system. I will identify the optimum method of applying a law in practice and deal ethically with challenges

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Pongsak Daengkaew (Oad)
Co-Founder and Partner

I pride myself on my international mindset, track record of transaction closing successes and my ability to emphathise and communicate with our diverse client base. I seek to continually sharpen my skills and mind through experience in a wide range of commercial tasks. My entrepreneurial nature is evident in my dealings

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Sirikwan Tan (Bee)
Senior Associate

I believe in precision and diligence in research to optimize the basis on which solid reliable legal advice is provided. I have widened my approach to understand the interaction between domestic and international legal systems and enjoy the daily challenge of new client challenges to address

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